Not being able to get pregnant after a year of unprotected sex is just one of the most common signs of infertility. These may vary between genders. So, how do you know if you really are infertile and in need of medical help? Below are some of the male and female infertility symptoms as well as the risk factors that affect fertility:
Female Symptoms of Infertility
This is one of the early obvious signs of infertility in women. Females who don?t have their periods every month have irregular cycles. Cycles that are shorter than 21 days or longer than 35 are also considered abnormal. If you have an irregular or abnormal cycle, there is a high probability that you may have ovulation problems.
??Abnormal Menstrual Bleeding
Women who have their periods for less than three days or more than seven days and/or have too light or too heavy bleeding are experiencing abnormal menstrual bleeding. These are all possible signs of infertility.
??Excessive Menstrual Cramps or Significant Pelvic Pain
Dysmenorrhea is a common complaint among women but if you are experiencing a significant amount of pain that disrupts your lifestyle, this could be a symptom of endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID). Both of these can cause infertility issues.
??Three or More Miscarriages
Infertility is not exclusively associated with the inability to get pregnant. Women who have experienced three or more successive miscarriages are also considered to have fertility problems.
Male Symptoms of Infertility
Sexual dysfunctions such as erectile dysfunction, ejaculation disorder, and reduced sexual desire are among the top visible signs of infertility in men.
Testicles are male reproductive organs necessary for the production of sperms. Men with testicular abnormalities or who have had testicular injuries may have lost their ability to produce healthy sperms.
Varicoceles are varicose veins in the scrotum. They increase the testicle?s temperature which causes the sperms to die.
Factors That Affect Fertility in Men and Women:
??Ticking Biological Clock
For women, their biological clocks start ticking at the age of 30. On the other hand, men?s biological clocks don?t start ticking until they reach 40. For women, the number of healthy eggs they have decline with age and ovulation problems become more likely to occur as they get older. With men, fertility doesn?t decline as rapidly but sperm disorders become more likely as they get older.
Recent study shows a strong relationship between male and female infertility and weight problems. Being excessively overweight or underweight can negatively affect your fertility.
The rule of thumb is ?an unhealthy lifestyle creates unhealthy sperms and eggs?. A poor diet, smoking, drinking, and even too much exercise can have an adverse effect on fertility.
??Chronic Health Problems
Chronic health problems such as diabetes and hypothyroidism, along with their treatments, may lead to infertility. Taking insulin and thyroid hormones can cause irregular cycles in women while some medications for hypertension can affect sperm production as well as sperm quality.
??Damaged Reproductive organs due to STD/STI
When reproductive organs are damaged by sexually transmitted diseases or infections, it is highly likely that infertility will occur.? Chlamydia and gonorrhea, for example, can cause a blockage in a woman?s fallopian tubes which can make pregnancy impossible to occur or result in an ectopic pregnancy.
If you, your partner, or both are experiencing one or more of these infertility symptoms as well as have some of these risk factors, it is important that you consult with your doctor for advice. Ignoring the above signs of infertility may not only cause you to totally lose your ability to get pregnant, but also create health problems for you and your partner as well.